Recently, trump tweeted that apple should immediately return to the United States to manufacture. If the iPhone is actually produced back in the United States, but the parts are still supplied by suppliers from other countries around the world and then shipped to U.S. factories for assembly, the iPhone 6s Plus, for example, will cost $30 to $40 per unit, raising the price to between $779 and $789.
So the question is: can Asian countries such as China and Vietnam fight another decade with low-cost human tactics? If you go back to America, manufacturing is dead. Right?
Upgrade the low-end positions before returning
Americans moved their factories to China, Vietnam and Mexico for two reasons. One is the familiar cost of labor; the other is the skilled worker. The latter, in particular, is more important to many companies.
Last year, for example, Mr. Cook made clear in an interview on '60 minutes' that apple chose to make iphones in China, not because of low wages, but because it has more technicians than the U.S.
Cook words are: "China attaches great importance to manufacturing industry, that is what you said I vocational technology. The United States for a long time has stopped breeding so much work. I mean, you put all machines, mold maker in the United States together, we are sitting in this room is full of. In China, I'm afraid you have to several football fields can fill."
OK, now that a lot of jobs, especially low-end jobs, have stopped training in the United States, can we replace them with robots and automated production?
Nike is a good observation.
In the product aspect, the automatic shoemaking has been fully verified by the market.
Take vamp manufacturing.
Traditional shoemaking methods require a lot of manual cutting and stitching.
In 2012, Nike released shoes with Flyknit technology. In a nutshell, use a thread to weave the vamp.
Since only the line is needed, the manual cutting, stitching and other steps are omitted, the whole process can be adopted in an automatic way, and the digital weaving machine can be carried out according to the set knitting procedure.
Flyknit technology not only ensures the characteristics of the upper, such as package and support, but also makes it lighter and more breathable for consumers. For Nike, it's less material, less labor, and more environmentally friendly.
Running is Nike's core business and being the first to use new technology reflects both the company's determination and vision, as well as its quick penetration. After that, the technology was extended horizontally to all product lines to reduce costs and achieve economies of scale.
Fake sneakers are one of putian's "pride". In the age of manpower, the gap is not big and can be copied. The next step is to use this technology to build shoes, but also let people live?
Lack of the mechanic? On the top of the AI.
No pain? The robot is resistant to operation.
There will be more and more products for you that you can't build. A lot of low-end manufacturing jobs will be upgraded and returned by the us.
Flexible manufacturing starts to explode potential energy
"Flexible manufacturing" is not a new concept. Since the first digital controlled milling machine was born at MIT in 1954, flexible automation entered the production and practical stage in the early 1970s.
Consumers have higher and higher requirements on product function and quality, the cycle of product upgrading is shorter and the complexity of products increases accordingly, and the traditional mass production mode is challenged. Because, only variety is onefold, batch is large, equipment is special, craft is steady, efficiency is high, ability forms economies of scale economy benefit; On the contrary, the production efficiency is bound to be affected by multi-variety, small batch production and low specificity of equipment. In order to improve the flexibility and production efficiency of manufacturing industry at the same time, so that on the premise of ensuring product quality, shorten product production cycle, reduce product cost, and finally enable medium and small batch production to compete with mass production, flexible automation system came into being.
Technology has matured, flexible manufacturing will explode into real potential energy in the next decade, taking global manufacturing to a new level.
Under the continuous ferment of sino-us trade war, the manufacturing industry was more or less affected. Shoe bosses are moving to south-east Asia. Bosses need to keep an eye on international developments, take timely measures to keep up with the pace of The Times.